The love of mankind for their homes and living spaces is known to us since the dawn of the earth! We design, build, care and protect our homes with a lot of zeal and labour. From all that love and enthusiasm to go creative, came the notion of interior design.
Interior Design deals with creative and artistic solutions to enhance the interiors of a building to make it aesthetically pleasing, efficient, healthy, and safe for the people using it. It is not only about choosing the right fabrics and colours, but also increases the overall productivity and quality of life for the users as well as the space in question.
A well designed living room will emphasize on relaxation; the bedroom will enhance rest, whereas an office area will increase the productivity & thinking capacity. A planned, interior design will serve the following aspects:
A properly designed space has adequate space for all the functions required by its occupants, even a small office may seem large and effective if designed properly, the lack of same may even make a penthouse look crowded and small.
An architectural design may not well fulfil your lifestyle and may require critical changes which can only be understood when you start living in it. Intricately designed interiors take care of all the issues proactively to perfectly suit your life.
As the name suggests, interior design will be stemming from a suitable design theme and will put in colour, paint, ambience, textures, lighting harmoniously to provide a stunning appearance which will match the purpose of each space.
People sometimes spend more on what to install and how to install while the interior design will help you put in the right investment at the right time looking at the usage and worth to avoid high costs and tedious process of renovating and reconstruction after moving in.
A designed interior is different from a decorated interior. Decorations will cater to an existing space and will help accentuate the looks with added furniture, matching upholstery, drapes and hanging art pieces. While, interior design refers to building or designing a space from none. A designed space will require you to look into several elements, if perfected will give you the best looking, functional and homely feel!
- Space: Acting as a foundation for design, it is essential that the dimensions, 2D and 3D availability, positive and negative spaces be considered and a balance be maintained to get the perfect efficient use.
- Line: An equilibrium and proper defining of lines is necessary. Lines, often categorized into three types; horizontal (tables, beds, chairs) displays safety, security and simplicity. Vertical (windows, doors, wardrobes) enunciates freedom and expansive feelings. Dynamic or Angular (stairs, sloping roofs) which add drama and the tinge of excitement completes a room.
- Forms: Meaning shapes in general, is a group of lines in 3D space and can be highlighted by use of colours, textures and patterns. It establishes harmony and adds balance to the space. Can be differentiated into two; geometrical or man-made and Organic or natural.
- Light: The most obvious and important element, Light, provides significance to all the other elements like space colour, forms, textures. Appropriate use can set the mood and ambience whereas any deviations will prove unhealthy for the design as well as the occupant. It can be natural or manmade and is classified as Task lighting: for a defined purpose such as table lamps, Accent lighting: for highlighting a focal point or a piece of art and Mood lighting: for ambience and illumination of the entire space.
- Colour: Colours can’t be defined in words but can be felt everywhere and helps build an aesthetic connection between objects. Often impacting the psychology and mind-set of the dweller, proper choice of colours significantly affect the feelings including hunger, rage, anger, peace and even productivity, health, tranquillity and stress. They are defined as Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, complementary, analogous or monochromatic based on their use in balance and symmetry of the space.
- Texture: The surface of an object, wall, wallpaper, pillows, bed covers, drapes, table tops and upholstery, typically dealing with looks and feel. It adds depth and interest and defines appeal and consistency of a surface. A dominant texture defines a mood whereas a contrasting texture may be used to break monotony.
- Pattern: Patterns add continuity, harmony and smooth transition in a space and work along with colours and textures. Often repetitive or progressive, they tell a story of their own and significantly improve the aesthetic appeal of the space.
Although interior designing is a professional course, people often self-indulge in the designing process. There are some basics principles of interior design which are like thumb rules and if followed, can never go wrong to the layman eye as well as the Picassos of our generation.
- Unity: Each and every aspect of the interior, furniture, decorations, colours, walls and windows should be harmonious to each other. All the elements used should complement each other and there should be a smooth transition in between.
- Balance: Balance creates order. We crave for it everywhere and interiors should be no less. Interior designing can be balanced symmetrically (two chairs on right, two on left), asymmetrically (two chairs on right, a two seater couch on left) or radially (chairs facing towards a central focal point).
- Rhythm: Repetition, alternation or progression create rhythm in a living space and helps to smoothen the movement of eyes through the room. It connects all the pieces together to form a uniform bond.
- Emphasis: Prioritising everything equally in a room brings in boredom, you need to get in an anchor point. The big elephant of the room, the focal point, it can be anything from a fireplace, to a TV, a wall painting or a decorative centre piece.
- Contrast: Monotony is not which everyone likes. Contrast helps break up the evenness and monotony and brings it different shades which accentuate each other to be more radiant and sharp.
- Space & Proportion: One of the most important aspect and often neglected. Scale and proportion helps to show the dimension of the space, you can make a bigger room look filled and cozy and a compact room to seem bigger and comfortable with the proper use. Follow the golden ratio; the ratio of bigger object to smaller object should be equal to ratio of whole space to bigger object.
- Details: Who doesn’t like the cherry on the cake, although a minuscule aspect, displays a feel of completion. Always consider the patterns of upholstery, colours and designs of furniture, bed sheets and pillow covers, even lamps, trays and table tops.